Studies on the potential use of true bugs (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) in bioindication and environmental monitoring

Barbara Lis* , Natalia Domagała

Instytut Biologii, Uniwersytet Opolski, ul. Oleska 22, 45-052 Opole
✉ canta@uni.opole.pl
*Autor do korespondencji (corresponding author)

Otrzymano (received): 10.11.2022 / Zaakceptowano (accepted): 20.03.2023 / Opublikowano (published): 29.03.2023
21 – 32
DOI

Abstract

The potential usefulness of true bugs (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) in biomonitoring and bioindication is evaluated. Three research sites situated at various distances from the full-scale plants and the control area out of reach of the emission of chemical pollutants have been selected for studies. Specimens of 50 species representing 14 heteropteran families have been sampled and analysed for species similarities, frequency, constancy, and domination. Stictopleurus punctatonervosus appeared to be a potential bioindicator, having reached the status of the eudominant species only in the control area. In contrast, it was less numerous in the research sites around the contaminations emitters. The increased number of predatory species (mainly representing the genus Nabis) was detected in the analyzed research sites surrounding the full-scale plants. True bugs have also appeared to be good indicators of environmental humidity because the hygrophilous species have occurred exclusively in meadows growing on strongly humid soils. In contrast, xerophilous species predominated in the sites with dry soils

Keywords

true bugs, Stictopleurus, Nabis, bioindication, biomonitoring, environment, chemical pollutants, zoocoenological indicators, Poland

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Załączniki / Appendixes:

Załącznik 1. Liczebność, procentowy udział oraz klasy dominacji dla zebranych gatunków Heteroptera / Abundance, percentage and dominance classes for the collected Heteroptera species.
Załącznik 2. Frekwencja i klasy stałości pluskwiaków różnoskrzydłych w poszczególnych zbiorach / Frequency and constancy classes of true bugs in each collection.
Załącznik 3. Diagram Czekanowskiego sporządzony dla danych uzyskanych metodą Jaccarda / Czekanowski diagram drawn for data obtained using the Jaccard method.
Załącznik 4. Diagram Czekanowskiego sporządzony dla danych uzyskanych metodą Sørensena / Czekanowski diagram drawn for data obtained using the Sørensen method.